More than 1.8 million people in Haiti have been assisted with DEC funds after an earthquake devastated the capital, Port au Prince, and the surrounding area in January 2010.
Donors gave a huge £107m to help people recover from the disaster which affected three million people. About 1.5 million people lost their homes, 300,000 were injured and about 220,000 died.
READ THE THREE YEARS UPDATE ON DEC MEMBER AGENCIES WORK IN HAITI.
HAITI BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE
- Haiti was 145th of 169 countries in the UN Human Development Index, which is the lowest in the Western Hemisphere
- More than 70% of people in Haiti were living on less than per day
- 86% of people in Port au Prince were living in slum conditions - mostly tightly-packed, poorly-built, concrete buildings.
- 80% of education in Haiti was provided in often poor-quality private schools, the state system generally provided better education but provided far too few places
- Half of people in Port-au-Prince had no access to latrines and only one-third has access to tap water
IMPACT OF THE 12 JANUARY EARTHQUAKE
- 7.0 Magnitude Quake struck near Port au Prince
- 3,500,000 people were affected by the quake
- 220,000 people estimated to have died
- 300,000+ people were injured
- Over 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake (293,383 in total), 1.5m people became homeless
- After the quake there were 19 million cubic metres of rubble and debris in Port au Prince – enough to fill a line of shipping containers stretching end to end from London to Beirut.
- 4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed
- 25% of civil servants in Port au Prince died
- 60% of Government and administrative buildings, 80% of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60% of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged
- Over 600,000 people left their home area in Port-au-Prince and mostly stayed with host families
- At its peak, one and a half million people were living in camps including over 100,000 at critical risk from storms and flooding
- Unrelated to the earthquake but causing aid response challenges was the outbreak of cholera in October 2010. By July 2011 5,899 had died as a result of the outbreak, and 216,000 were infected
DEC RELIEF AND RECONSTRUCTION HEADLINE ACHIEVEMENTS
- The DEC Appeal has now raised £107m – two-thirds directly and one-third through its member agencies – which will be spent over three years
- DEC agencies and their partners have nearly £380m to spend in total from all sources
- 1.8million people reached by DEC funded aid
RESPONSE AND RECOVERY JULY 2010 - JULY 2012
(This is in addition to the aid delivered between January 2010 - July 2010)
- Improving the water supply of 340,000 people
- Supplying drugs to five cholera treatment facilities serving 18,000 people
- Providing free medical care to 39,000 people
- Giving tools and seeds to help 23,000 people in farming households support themselves
- Providing improved shelter for 34,000 people
- Giving information to 116,000 people about preparing for future disasters
- Running literary classes for 60,000 vulnerable women to help them support themselves and their families
- Training camp committee members to defend 25,000 camp residents from forced eviction.